James Burrow, 116 Fishergate Street, Preston
12 bore Bar-action hammergun
no. 5676

Year of manufacture: pre-1887

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Heritage Guns' Comment

This hammergun, with its particularly fine engraving and exceptional wood, represents a fine example of the provincial sporting hammergun that were sold in substantial numbers in the last quarter of the 19th century. The Stanton rebounding locks are of very high quality and the Damascus barrels have a lovely figure. This coupled with the sensitive restoration makes it a very pretty, safe and highly 'shootable' gun for either game or clays. There are 2 interesting marks to be found on the bar of the action: a Trade Mark 'Eclipse' and 'Patent no. 117' surmounted by a capital A enclosed in a triangle. The former is thought to be the trade mark of the trade action filer but there were many that used this motif/name, none of which have an obvious connection with this gun; the second is presumed to be a 'Patent Use No' for the Allport bolting mechanism, the A perhaps being Allport's trade mark.



The action is of traditional design and features:
Double triggers, Lightened action bar,
Stanton bar-action locks, Rebounding 'Dolphin' hammers,
Sprung strikers, Finely carved percussion fences,
Broad top lever opening, operating a 'Purdey' type, single bite bolt,
Long top strap, 'Wedge Bolt' forend catch.
This gun can be opened when the right lock is cocked.
There is a small amount of the percussion skirt missing on one hammer on the inner side.
Gun weight 7lb Engraving style Very best foliate scroll.
Trigger pulls measure approximately: Front trigger 4lbs Rear trigger 4lbs
The re-browned 'Laminated Steel' Damascus barrels are 29 3/4" in length, chambered for 2 ¾" (70mm) cartridges and are of brazed 'dovetail' lump construction with soft soldered ribs.
Top rib
is of the smooth, concave, game type. The bores are free of any pitting.
London reproof
for 70mm nitro powder cartridges in 2010.

Approximate barrel measurements at date of publication:

Nominal Proof Size
Bore Diameter 9" from Breech
Minimum Wall Thickness
Choke Constriction
Right Barrel
18.5mm (0.728")
0.005" (Skeet)
Left Barrel
18.5mm (0.728")
0.010" (IC)

Straight Hand Stock and horn-tipped Splinter Forend are crafted from highly figured walnut and the stock is lightly cast off for a right-handed shot. There are fine lines visible in the under horns where a crack has been repaired. There are no other visible repairs to the stock. The forend has two inlet repairs to its edge.

Highly figured walnut
The 20 lines per inch chequering has been freshened to a normal sidelock design and the stock features well defined drop points, a white metal escutcheon is engraved with 'TW' and the stock is finished with engraved heel and toe plates, chequered between.
The stock
is finished with a traditional linseed oil based preparation as used on best guns by one of the top English makers. This finish uses no grain fillers to achieve its deep, smooth lustre, only many hours of alternate build and flatting off of the surface.

Approximate stock measurements at date of publication:

Pull to Heel
Pull to Bump
Pull to Centre
Pull to Toe
14 1/4"
14 1/8"
14 1/2"
Drop at Comb
Drop at Face
Drop at Heel
1 1/2"
1 11/16"
2 1/8 "
Cast at Comb
Cast at Heel
1/4" (approximate)

For the purposes of these measurements, 'Drop at Face' is the 'drop' measurement taken on a line perpendicular to the
line joining the trigger and centre of the butt at approximately 8" from the trigger (front trigger on a double trigger gun).

Patents Exhibited include:
Stanton's rebounding lock patent no. 367 of 1867,
Samuel Allport's bolting patent no. 3518 of 1872.