Jas Squires, 14 Newcastle Street, London
12 bore Bar Action Hammergun
No. 1480

Date of manufacture: 1877-1887

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Heritage Guns' Comment

James Squires was one of a small dynasty of gunmakers with premises in the East End of London. This lovely Rotary Underlever hammergun was made in the period of much change in the gunmaking world. Centre-fire guns had only recently started to replaced pinfire guns and percussion before them. However, many of the aesthetic and design features that would become the norm can be seen in this early gun. Much original hardening colour can be found on the action and lock plates and it indicates the very fine condition of the piece.
The 30" barrels have been re-proofed for 2 ¾" nitro cartridges and this all adds up to a strong gun that is a joy to shoot and should give many years of service on game or clays with normal maintenance.


The action is of traditional bar action sidelock design and features:
Percussion fences,
Foliate Scroll engraving,
Extended top tang,
Jones Rotary Underlever,
Double triggers,
Rebounding bar action locks with high hammers
and a rare variant of the Anson forend fastening.
Gun weight 6lb 14oz
Engraving style Foliate scroll. Unusually 'Not For Ball' engraved on barrels, not stamped.
Trigger pulls measure approximately: Front trigger 4lbs Rear trigger 4lbs
The Damascus barrels are 30" in length, chambered for 2 3/4" (70mm) cartridges and are of brazed dovetail lump construction with soft soldered ribs. Top rib is of the smooth, concave game type. The LH barrel has some light vestigial pitting.
London reproof for 70mm nitro powder cartridges in 2012.

Approximate barrel measurements at date of publication:

Nominal Proof Size
Bore Diameter 9" from Breech
Minimum Wall Thickness
Choke Constriction
Right Barrel
18.7mm (0.736")
0.008" (IC)
Left Barrel
18.7mm (0.736")
0.009" (IC)

Straight Hand Stock and Splinter Forend are crafted from highly figured walnut. The stock is lightly cast off for a right-handed shot and features an engraved white metal oval and 1" leather covered recoil pad. The forend has a horn tip.

Highly figured walnut

The approximately 20 lines per inch chequering is freshened to normal bar action sidelock pattern.
The stock is finished with a traditional linseed oil based preparation as used on best guns by one of the top English makers. This finish uses no grain fillers to achieve its deep, smooth lustre, only many hours of alternate build and flatting off of the surface.

Approximate stock measurements at date of publication:

Pull to Heel
Pull to Bump
Pull to Centre
Pull to Toe
14 13/8"
14 1/2"
14 1/2"
14 7/8"
Drop at Comb
Drop at Face
Drop at Heel
1 1/2"
1 3/4"
2 1/4"
Cast at Comb
Cast at Heel
1/8" (approximate)
1/4" (approximate)

For the purposes of these measurements, 'Drop at Face' is the 'drop' measurement taken on a line perpendicular to the
line joining the trigger and centre of the butt at approximately 8" from the trigger (front trigger on a double trigger gun).

Patents Exhibited include:
Stanton's rebounding lock patent no. 367 of 1867,
Jones rotary underlever patent no. 2040 of 1859,
Anson's forend patent 3791 of 1872.